In 2014, the problem of food insecurity for Indigenous peoples in Brazil deserved the attention of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Recognizing Brazil’s progress in the fight against poverty and hunger, stressed that Indigenous people still suffered from food insecurity in the country. Thus, although Brazil during this period halved the proportion of the population suffering from hunger, several indicators showed that Indigenous and Quilombolas were considered vulnerable populations not benefiting from these advancements. FAO has found that indigenous communities live in very adverse conditions that prevent them from accessing healthy and adequate food.
In the second edition of the study, launched in 2015, the UN agency highlighted the urgency of tackling persistent inequalities in certain population groups, particularly Indigenous peoples and other traditional communities. FAO has placed the creation and strengthening of federal, state and municipal public policies for these sectors of the Brazilian population among the four main challenges of Brazil in the coming years.
The reality of food insecurity and inequality of Indigenous peoples in Latin America has also concerned the World Bank. In a study launched in February 2016, the World Bank produced a publication entitled “Indigenous Latin America in the 21st Century – The First Decade“, in which it warned that despite the unprecedented reduction in poverty in Latin America (more than 70 million people emerged from poverty in the first decade of the 21st century), this progress had not benefited indigenous peoples in the region the same way.