The Comissão Pró-Índio de São Paulo (CPI-SP) launches a new publication that discusses how energy transition policies impact the demand for aluminium and its raw material, bauxite. The authors, Luiz Jardim Wanderley and Pedro Catanzaro Rocha Leão, seek to understand how the increase in aluminium production will affect mineral extraction in the Brazilian Amazon with a focus on the municipality of Oriximiná, State of Pará, where the country’s largest bauxite producer is located.
With its latest publication, the CPI-SP adds to the voices that warn of the risks involved in increasing mineral production to ensure the replacement of fossil fuels for other forms of energy. Energy transition policies need to consider that mining is an activity that generates significant socio-environmental impacts and conflicts that can increase in the coming years, especially in countries of the Global South.
Furthermore, it should be noted that tackling the climate crisis is not just about replacing energy sources but, rather, about dealing with a number of systemic and profound issues, such as inequality between the Global South and North; the current intensity of consumption of goods; the dependence of individual motorized transport; expansion of recycling; greater energy efficiency, among others.